HAM PATA NEGRA, PRICES AND HOW TO RECOGNIZE IT
In this article you will find …
- What is a Pata Negra ham?
- How to recognize a good Pata Negra ham?
- Prices of Pata Negra hams and shoulders
If you are only interested in prices you can see them in this link:
WHAT IS A PATA NEGRA HAM?
The term “Pata Negra” was popularly used to describe a ham from Iberian pig whose skin, unlike white pig, is dark.
As of 2014, the Iberian quality standard regulated the use of this term through Royal Decree (4/2014), assigning it to the highest quality ham, and defining the parameters of elaboration, labeling and commercialization.
In summary, the term “Pata Negra” can be found, only and exclusively, in hams and shoulders that come from pure Iberian pigs (100% Iberian) and that have been fed with acorns in freedom.
What it is “NOT” Pata Negra ham?
The quality standard of the Iberian establishes four qualities, of which only 100% Iberian acorn-fed ham can be labeled and advertised with the term “Pata Negra”.
100% Iberian acorn-fed ham – Black seal (PATA NEGRA)
Iberian acorn ham – Red seal
Iberian field bait ham – Green seal
Iberian bait ham – White seal
Of the four qualities, only the first one can be labeled and marketed as “Pata negra”. The rest, despite being considered Iberian, cannot contain the words “Pata Negra” in their identification or in their advertising. And of course, they can’t appear in white pork hams, known as “serrano hams”.
Important: Sheltered in picaresque, hams and palettes are offered on the market with the inscription “Black Label”. These hams are NOT Pata Negra and usually correspond to much lower qualities.
HOW TO RECOGNIZE A GOOD HAM OF PATA NEGRA
Three simple tips to recognize a good Iberian ham pata negra.
- Black seal with ASICI logo.
- The thickness of the cane.
- Texture of the grease.
The black leg ham always has a black seal
A fundamental element that we must analyze to identify an Iberian acorn-fed ham Pata Negra is the seal that surrounds the cane. Said seal must be black and the ASICCI logo (entity responsible for supplying the seals to the slaughterhouses), a number for traceability monitoring, and the inscription “100% Iberian ham. It may also be helpful to review the label, where we will find the term of sale that may be:
Term of sale: 100% Iberian Acorn Ham or Pure Iberian Acorn Ham.
The inscription “Pata Negra” may accompany the term of sale, the trademark, advertising the product, or even not appear. The quality standard of ham does not require its use, although it does determine certain quality parameters in order to include it. The use or not of the term is voluntary.
The thickness of the cane indicates 100% Iberian purity
One of the characteristics of the 100% pure Iberian pig is the narrowness of the cane (the ankle area of the hind leg). As the pig has some crossover, that area is thicker. As a reference to mention that the cane of a 50% crossed Iberian ham can be twice as wide as the cane of a 100% Iberian ham.
Therefore, a fine cane will confirm that we are facing a ham with full racial purity.
Flexible and elastic grease confirms feeding with acorns
Acorn feeding in the field gives the back fat of the ham a flexible and elastic texture. To verify it, you must press with your fingers on the back of the ham, next to the “tip” (lower part), and check that they sink with some ease and that later the fat returns to its original position.
This is a quality of acorn ham granted by oleic acid that contributes the intake of the fruit of the oak by the pigs.
PRICE OF PATA NEGRA HAM
The ham of black leg is the most quoted within the classification of qualities of the Iberian ham. We include a historical price of Iberian acorn-fed Pata Negra hams from 2010 to 2019.
|Pata Negra hams prices (€/kg.)|
|Pata Negra hams, prices 2010 – 2019|
If you want to buy a 100% black pata ham, we invite you to visit our online store where you can see the prices depending on the weight of the piece in the following link:
You can also compare the prices of the pata negra ham with the rest of the qualities in our section: